Graduate Courses

ESC 301The Environmental Dimension (Çevre Boyutu)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Introduction to ecology; material and energy cycles; populations and communities; evolution. Major environmental issues facing humanity. Relations between environmental and energy resources, population policies and technological choices. Local waste management problems. Transboundary pollution of water and air resources. Global environmental change and its relation to international security. Students will be encouraged to follow environmental coverage on national and international media and to discuss it in class. Also, through guest lecturers, students will be exposed to a wide spectrum of ideas on environmental issues.
ESC 305Global Climate Change (Küresel İklim Değişikliği)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
The earth and the greenhouse effect. Climate change in the past; predicting future climate change. Modelling of climate change. Effects of global climate change on freshwater and terrestrial systems; effects on the marine environment, agriculture and human infrastructure. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. Measures to prevent climate change.
ESC 306Evolution (Evrim)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Evidence for evolution: fossils, vestigial structures, atavisms, recapitulation and embryology. Geographical evidences. History of life on Earth. The driving forces and mechanisms of evolution: natural selection, genetic drift, sex. The origin of species and human evolution. Case studies: Guest lecturers discuss their own current research on evolution.
ESC 307Social Ecology (Toplumsal Ekoloji)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Trends and developments in earth's post-industrial revolution environmental history. Introduction to the concepts of ecosystems and their functions. Fundamental vision on economics, human-ecosystem interactions and limits to growth. Contemporary stresses on natural and socio-economic systems: Global climate change, loss of biodiversity, food security and food sovereignty, problems of transition in energy production and consumption, water stresses, toxic chemicals and human health. Moral and political perspectives on ecological problems. Movements and practices for environmental and social change.
ESC 311Environmental Science and Technology (Çevre Bilimleri ve Teknolojisi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Environmental pollution and its causes; water, air and soil contaminants and their sources. Transformation and transport mechanisms of environmental pollutants. Pollution of surface and groundwaters. Water pollution and control; air pollution, air pollutant emissions and control; soil pollution and solid wastes; hazardous wastes and disposal.
ESC 500On Site Training (Teknik Gezi)
Credits:
0 ECTS 2
Visit to water and wastewater treatment plants, sanitary landfills, incinerators, etc. where students will be provided with technical information as well as crucial and practical aspects of pollution control methods.
ESC 501Principles of Environmental Pollution (Çevre Kirliliğinin Prensipleri)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Principles of ecology, nutrient cycles; water pollution, quality parameters, standards and regulations; reaction kinetics and materials balance in aquatic systems; hydraulic models, batch, complete mix and plug flow reactors; water quality in rivers, streams and lakes; principles of water and waste water treatment; hazardous wastes and disposal methods with emphasis on solid waste and sludge; Environmental Risk Assessment; air pollution and control; global environmental problems.
ESC 502Introduction to Environmental Science (Çevre Bilimlerine Giriş)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Environmental systems overview. Materials and energy balances. Nutrient cycles. Introduction to ecosystems. Population dynamics. Fundamentals of hydrology. Surface water and groundwater as sources of water supply. Geological and soil resources. Characteristics of water and water quality parameters; water pollutants and their sources; water quality management in lakes and rivers; water quality standards; treatment processes of water and wastewater. Air pollution and control; air pollution standards, and the origin, fate and effects of air pollutants. Solid waste management; characteristics of solid waste and solid waste collection and disposal by sanitary landfill. Hazardous pollutants. Environmental health. Environmental legislation and regulation.
ESC 503Transport of Pollutants in the Environment (Çevrede Kirletici Madde Taşınımı)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Introduction to fate and transport processes in the environment. Pollutant distribution among phases; solubility, volatilization, adsorption. Equilibrium partitioning among different phases; fugacity modeling. Modeling of physical transport mechanisms; advection, molecular diffusion, dispersion. Application of transport processes to surface waters, the subsurface and the atmosphere. Air-water exchange, non-aqueous phase liquids.
ESC 504 Computational Methods in Environmental Analysis (Çevre Analizinde Hesaplama Esasları)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Review of numerical techniques used in the solution of ordinary and partial differential equations; principles of finite difference and finite element methods; linear and non- linear systems; stability and convergence. Error estimation. Current statistical methods for environmental data analysis. Computer applications.
ESC 505Public Health and Environment (Halk Sağlığı ve Çevre)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Introduction to epidemiology. Communicable diseases and routes of transmission. Drinking water quality. Water and wastewater pollution. Greywater and blackwater disposal. Swimming pool and recreational water sanitation. Public health sanitation. The air environment and noise pollution. Radiation effects. Emerging issues in environmental public health.
ESC 506Waste Minimization, Recycling and Clean Technologies (Atık Azaltma, Dönüşüm ve Temiz Teknolojiler)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Low or no waste clean technologies engineering and management applications for the minimization of the generation of domestic and industrial wastes. Changes that can be applied in existing industries to save raw materials-natural resources and minimize air, water and soil pollution. Environmentally friendly products. Case studies related to different industries such as meat, leather, dairy products etc. industries.
ESC 507Modern Concepts in Environmental Engineering (Çevre Muhendisliğinde Güncel Kavramlar)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Overview of environmental issues and the engineering approach to modern concepts in clean technology design. Modeling techniques for controlling urban smog, PCB's, toxic chemicals, CFC's and global warming. Tools of policy assessment: risk assessment, decision analysis and environmental forecasting.
ESC 509Resource Conservation for Energy, Fuel and Chemicals (Enerji, Yakıt ve Kimyasallar için Kaynak Korunumu)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Energy and the material resources of the Earth. Impacts of energy consumption on ecosystem quality, human health and material welfare. Biomass and its potential as a substitute for fossil fuels. Process of converting waste biomass to gaseous and liquid fuels and value-added chemicals. Integrated energy production systems from various forms of waste. Multidisciplinary approach in resource conservation and energy efficiency.
ESC 510Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport (Yeraltısuyu Akışı ve Kirletici İletimi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Groundwater occurrence; aquifer properties; steady and transient flow in porous media; saturated/unsaturated flow; well hydraulics and pumping test analysis. Contaminant transport processes; groundwater remediation; numerical modeling; real life applications.
ESC 511Environmental Biotechnology (Çevre Biyoteknolojisi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Basics of microbiology (phylogenetic tree, energy, carbon and e-acceptor sources, catabolism and anabolism, aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and fermentation).. Stoichiometry and energetics of microbial reactions (partitioning of substrate in energy and cell growth reactions, e- equivalents and COD, biomass yield). Biological reactor types and processes. Microbial kinetics and mass balances (biomass growth and substrate utilization, sludge age, subdivision of organic matter and biomass, kinetics in different types of reactors). Inhibition of biological reactions (non-competitive, competitive, substrate, product inhibition, irreversible inhibition models) Biological processes in drinking water treatment. Biodegradation, microbial transformation, bioremediation (primary, secondary and co-metabolic substrate removal, detoxification, dehalogenation, bioremediation, abiotic removal) Microbial transformation of inorganics.

Water and Wastewater Pollution and Control

ESC 513Industrial Water Quality Control (Endüstriyel Su Kalite Kontrolü)
Credits:
(2+0+2) 3 ECTS 6
Sources and characteristics of industrial wastewaters; discharge regulations related to pretreatment, priority pollutants and hazardous wastes. Treatment alternatives; pretreatment, combined treatment and physicochemical treatment systems. Biodegradability and toxicity; inhibition kinetics. Pollution removal processes: separation, adsorption, PACT, chemical oxidation. Toxicity reduction and bio-degradability improvement, membrane processes. Case analysis and discussions from selected industries.
ESC 514 Water Quality Management (Su Kalitesi Yonetimi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Sources and uses of water; the hydrological cycle; physical, chemical and biological characteristics and methods of analysis. Water quality standards and global perspectives. Stoichiometry, reaction kinetics and material balances; reactor models in natural systems. Modeling of water quality by the "contaminant movement process" approach. Water quality in rivers, estuaries, lakes and reservoir systems. Introduction to water and wastewater treatment.
ESC 516Water and Wastewater Treatment: Physicochemical Processes (Su ve Atıksu Arıtımı: Fizikokimyasal Süreçler)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Chemical and physical concepts in water and wastewater treatment: stoichiometry, reaction kinetics, mass balances, reactor design and hydraulic flow regimes. Theory and practice of colloidal, suspended and dissolved matter. Removal by coagulation/flocculation, sedimentation, granular filtration, mass transfer/aeration, the lime-soda process, ion exchange and disinfection processes. Advanced water treatment: adsorption, catalytic oxidation, advanced oxidation and membrane processes
ESC 517Water and Wastewater Treatment: Biological Processes (Su ve Atıksu Arıtımı: Biyolojik Süreçler)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Biological characteristics of water; principles of microbial metabolism; bacterial growth kinetics. Aerobic and anaerobic treatment systems; attached and suspended growth processes. Theory and design principles of activated sludge, trickling filters, rotating biological contactors, lagoons and stabilization pond processes. Biological nutrient removal. Toxicity screening of water and wastewater systems by microbial testing methods.
ESC 518Fundamentals of Anaerobic Digestion Processes (Havasız Çürütme Süreçleri)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Biochemistry, microbiology and kinetics of anaerobic digestion; influence of environmental factors and toxic substances; process monitoring and control. Anaerobic treatment processes and industrial applications; case studies with CFSTR, contact and upflow sludge-bed reactors, anaerobic filters, rotating biological contactors, carrier-assisted contact reactors, hybrid, expanded-bed reactors and fluidized-bed reactors. Start-up of anaerobic reactors; developments in reactor design.
ESC 519Environmental Technology Laboratory (Çevre Teknolojisi Laboratuvarı)
Credits:
(1+0+5) 3 ECTS 8
Laboratory practices in unit operations such as coagulation/flocculation/sedimentation, filtration and adsorption and in advanced chemical and biological processes, including activated sludge treatment, anaerobic digestion for biogas production and advanced oxidation.

Air Pollution and Control

ESC 521Air Pollution and Modeling (Hava Kirliliği ve Modellemesi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Causes, sources, chemistry and pollutional parameters of air pollution. Solar radiation and absorption. Energy balance for the Earth and its atmosphere. Temperature and pressure profiles. Atmospheric stability. Meteorological modeling. The atmosphere as a medium of transport. Turbulence and atmospheric diffusion. Dry and wet deposition. Gaussian models in air pollution assessment. Eulerian and Lagrangian dispersion models. Urban air pollution modeling. Long range air pollutant transport modeling.

Solid Waste Management and Soil Pollution

ESC 531Solid Waste Management (Katı Atık Yönetimi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Types, quantities and sources of solid wastes collection, storage, transfer and transport. Disposal alternatives: landfills, incineration, composting. Integrated solid waste management; legislative aspects; solid waste management by source reduction and recycling; policy development for source reduction and recycling in communities.
ESC 532Solid Waste and Soil Analysis (Katı Atıklar ve Toprak Analizi)
Credits:
(2+0+2) 3
Determination of characteristics of soil and solid waste. Biodegradability of wastes. Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus content of soils. Determination of composition and calorific value of solid wastes.
ESC 532 Solid Waste and Soil Analysis (Kati Atiklar ve Toprak Analizi)
Credits:
(2+0+2) 3
Determination of characteristics of soil and solid waste. Biodegradability of wastes. Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus content of soils. Determination of composition and calorific value of solid wastes.
ESC 533Soil Pollution and Control (Toprak Kirliliği ve Kontrolü)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Causes of soil pollution. Assessment of soil pollution due to agricultural, industrial and other practices. Methods of remediation of soil pollution.
ESC 534Landfill Leachate Treatment Techniques (Çöp Sızıntı Suyu Arıtma Teknikleri)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Effects of landfills on water quality; quantities and characteristics of leachate produced by landfills; parametric considerations of landfill stabilization; effect of recirculation on landfill stabilization and leachate quality; on-site leachate treatment plant design and operation.
ESC 535Composting Technologies (Kompostlaştırma Teknolojileri)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Theory and principles of composting; methods and operations. Anaerobic methods for municipal solid wastes; procurement and evaluation; marketing. Odor management, public health issues, beneficial uses of compost.

Environmental Social Sciences

ESC 541Environmental Economics (Çevre Ekonomisi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Economic foundations of the degradation of the environment and the depletion of nonrenewable resources; economic implications of the solutions for environmental problems; monetary proxies for benefits and costs of environmental programs; instruments of environmental policy.
ESC 543Treatment Technologies (Arıtma Teknolojileri)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Wastewater characteristics; wastewater treatment objectives; methods; physical unit operations; chemical unit processes; biological unit processes; treatment and disposal of sludge; advanced waste water treatment; land-treatment systems; effluent disposal and reuse.
ESC 545Environmental Sociology (Çevre Sosyolojisi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Rural, urban and industrial sociology. Environmental problems affecting social structure. Basic demographic processes. Social sampling techniques, questionnaire design. Statistical methods in data evaluation. Utilization of computer software designed for social science data processing.
ESC 546Environmental Ethics (Çevre Ahlakı)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
History of ideas on man's place in nature. Evolution of environmentalist movement's ethics in 19th-20th centuries. Contemporary ideas on environment, technology and economic growth relationships. Sustainable development.
ESC 547Environmental Law (Çevre Hukuku)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
National and international environmental policies and law. Legislation related to the transboundary movement of wastes. Case studies.
ESC 548Tourism and Environment (Turizm ve Çevre)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
The interrelation between environment and tourism; deterioration of environment by touristic activities accomplished without necessary infrastructure; coastal and rural pollution; determination of carrying capacity of touristic resorts; effects of environment on tourism. Case studies.
ESC 549Climate Change Policy (İklim Değişikliği Politikası)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Human activities and climate change. Greenhouse gases and global warming. Impacts of climate change and the relationship between sustainable development and climate change. Concepts of vulnerability, resilience and adaptive capacity. The role of governments in climate change discussions. Adaptation and mitigation strategies for developing and developed countries.

Environmental Pure Sciences

ESC 550Instrumental Methods in Environmental Analysis (Çevresel Analizlerde Kullanılan Enstrümental Yöntemler)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Instrumental methods of analysis of organic and inorganic chemicals/pollutants in water, air, soil and biological media. Basics of environmental sampling and analysis including sample preparation, liquid-liquid extraction, solid phase extraction, and solid-liquid extraction. Spectroscopic methods including atomic spectroscopy, atomic absorption and emission spectroscopy, X-ray spectroscopy, molecular spectroscopy, UV-VIS, luminescence and infrared spectroscopy; NMR spectroscopy; mass spectroscopy. Principles of chromatography including gas and liquid chromatography. Data analysis.
ESC 551Environmental Chemistry (Çevre Kimyası)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Topics related to the sources, reactions, transport, effects and fates of chemical species in water, soil and air environments. Properties of water and bodies of water in relation to the basic principles of chemistry. Aquatic microbial biochemistry principles. Composition and chemistry of the atmosphere. Particles in the atmosphere and air pollution. Composition and properties of soil in relation to soil pollution.
ESC 552Chemistry for Environmental Sciences and Engineering (Çevre Bilimleri ve Mühendisliğinde Kimya)
Credits:
(2+0+2) 3 ECTS 7
Basic concepts from general, physical, organic and nuclear chemistry and biochemistry. Introduction to qualitative and quantitative analyses of water and wastewater. Principles of sampling. Laboratory work for pollution parameter determination.
ESC 553Chemistry of Natural Water Systems (Doğal Su Sistemlerinin Kimyası)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Description of chemical processes affecting the distribution and circulation of chemical compounds in natural waters, including chemical thermodynamics, acids and bases, precipitation, oxidation and reduction. Chemical characteristics of lakes, streams and seawater.
ESC 554Biofuels (Biyoyakıtlar)
Credits:
(3+0+0) ECTS 8
Biomass-to-bioenergy topics; science and technology and environmental, economic, and social issues. Energy resources, and their potential for alternative, carbon-neutral biofuels. Global energy status reports. Biological solar energy capture. Overview of metabolic pathways for potential biofuel synthesis.
ESC 556Environmental Biology (Çevre Biyolojisi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
An exposition of basic biological principles concerning interrelations between organisms, particularly those directly affecting man and his environment; behavior of organisms in fresh water, marine and soil environments; effect of pollution on microbial communities, study and understanding of microbiological species and other living organisms in the environment.
ESC 557Environmental Microbiology (Çevre Mikrobiyolojisi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Fundamentals of microbial life; classification of microorganisms; basic concepts of terrestrial and aquatic microbiology; microbiology of wastewater treatment; commercial applications of microbiology.
ESC 558Concepts and Models in Ecology (Ekolojide Kavramlar ve Modeller)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Mechanisms of evolution; population genetics; game theory and evolutionary stable strategies; Red Queen hypothesis; ecology of populations; single-species populations; population dynamics; ecology of communities; conservation ecology. Each issue to be accompanied by papers on related topics and mathematical models.
ESC 559Molecular Ecology and Evolution (Moleküler Ekoloji ve Evrim)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Evolution and genetic processes: genetic drift, natural selection, mutation, gene flow. Speciation and extinction, geography of evolution. Trees. Algorithms of building phylogenetic trees: parsimony, maximum likelihood and neighbor-joining methods. Phylogeography: building haplotype networks, nested clade analysis. Population genetics.
ESC 561Unit Operations and Reactor Design for Environmental Engineers* (Çevre Mühendisleri için Temel İşlemler ve Reaktör Tasarımı)
Credits:
(3+1+0) 3 ECTS 6
Fundamental principles of reaction kinetics, ideal reactor types, introduction to homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions and reactors; mechanical methods of separation such as settling, sedimentation, centrifugation, screening, filtration and electrostatic precipitation; flow through porous media; fundamental principles of heat and mass transfer; mass transfer operations such as absorption and extraction; operations controlled by simultaneous heat and mass transfer such as humidification, distillation evaporation, and crystallization. *This course is remedial for engineers having background other than environmental and chemical engineering.
ESC 565Environmental Technologies for Waste Treatment* (Atık Arıtımında Çevre Teknolojileri)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Conventional physical, chemical, biological, and thermal treatment technologies for liquid, solid and gas emissions. Containment technologies for persistent pollutants. Innovations in integrated waste treatment technologies. *Environmental Technology students cannot take this course for fulling credit requirements.
ESC 566Fundamentals of Environmental Engineering* (Çevre Mühendisliğinde Temel Kavramlar)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Principles of ecology and ecological aspects of environmental pollution; chemistry and microbiology in environmental engineering; water resources and quality parameters; air pollution. Water and wastewater treatment; solid waste and air emissions control; sludge and hazardous waste management. Environmental impact assessment; economic aspects of sustainable development. *This course is remedial for engineers having background other than environmental and chemical engineering. Environmental Technology students cannot take this course for fulling credit requirements.
ESC 567Environmental Fluid Mechanics* (Çevresel Akışkanlar Mekaniği)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3
Properties of fluids, fluid statistics; fundamental principles governing fluid motion; steady and transient flow in conduits; forces in submerged surfaces; compressible and incompressible flow; Navier-Stokes equations; flow of viscous fluids, molecular and turbulent diffusion; fluid flow in natural systems; atmospheric fluid mechanics; atmospheric stability. *Not for students with engineering background for fulfilling credit requirements. This course is remedial for engineers who have not taken fluid mechanics course before.
ESC 568Pollution Prevention Assessment (Kirlilik Önlenmesinin Değerlendirilmesi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Introduction to the eco-efficiency concept and methods of integrating it into production and service industries. Waste minimization and resource conservation. Implementation of the best available technologies in selected industries. Importance of stakeholder management for sustainability applications. Life-cycle assessment and life-cycle management. Description of life-cycle assessment tools and methods. Relevant EU directives and policies.
ESC 569Microbial Biotransformation and Genetics (Mikrobiyal Biyodönüşüm ve Genetik)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
The use of microorganisms in pollution control, synthesis of chemicals and other biotechnological applications. Chemical synthesis and other applications of biotechnology. General microbiology; microbial diversity and enrichment cultures. Methods for identifying microbial and metabolic diversity, organic functional groups, enzyme groups and enzyme kinetics, evolution of catabolic enzymes and enzymatic reactions. Predicting microbial biocatalysis and biodegradation pathways. Microbial biotechnology; microbial genetics, and genomic insights into microbial catalysis.
ESC 570 Environmental Applications of Geographical Information Systems (Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemlerinin Çevresel Uygulamaları)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Introduction to Geographical Information System (GIS) methodology. Analysis and manipulation of different kinds of spatial data for accurate and timely information in decision making. Integration of key components; hardware, software, data, people and methods. Types of geographic models: vector and raster models. GIS applications to environmental events.
ESC 571Introduction to Climate Dynamics (İklim Dinamiğine Giriş)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Instrumental and proxy climate data. History of Earth's atmosphere and oceans. Climatic subsystems ad fundamental processes. Building and analyzing simple climate models. Introduction to atmospheric and oceanic general circulation models. Climates of terrestrial planets.
ESC 572Global Environmental Systems (Küresel Çevre Sistemleri)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Basic concepts of Earth system science. The origin of life on Earth and in the biosphere. Biochemical pathways for the energy of life. Modeling biochemical cycles. Thermodynamics and chemical kinetics of natural systems. Properties of basins and reservoirs. Material and energy flow for water and the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, the lithosphere and the oceans. Biogeochemical cycles, including the global carbon cycle, the nitrogen cycle, the sulfur cycle, and the phosphorus cycle.
ESC 573Environmental Oceanography (Çevresel Oşinografi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Introduction to coastal oceanography; shore processes, waves, tides. Transport and mixing in coastal waters; turbulence and dispersion. Coastal meteorology. Direct and remote sensing. Data analysis and coastal assessment.
ESC 575Environmental Hazard Management (Çevresel Zarar Yönetimi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Environmental hazards, recognition evaluation and recovery; environmental aspects of natural and technological disasters; risk assessment and perception; seismic, atmospheric, hydrologic and technological hazards; disaster debris management; post-disaster sanitation.
ESC 576Coastal Zone Management (Kıyı Kuşağı Yönetimi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Issues and approaches to coastal management. The human aspect of the development and utilization of coastal zones. Physical components of coastal management and dynamic nature of the coastal zone. Evaluation of the structural problems related to the implementation of integrated coastal zone management.
ESC 577Systems Modeling for Environmental Dynamics (Çevresel Dinamikler için Sistem Modellemesi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Principles and methods of dynamic systems modeling. Feedback concepts and casual loop diagrams. Structure and behavior of environmental systems. Simulation analysis and validation of dynamic models. Modeling for management and for learning. Modeling and simulation of mass transport. Energetic factors and chemical reactions in the environment. Population dynamics, biogeochemical and eco-toxicological models. Modeling human behavior and man-nature interactions. Spatial dynamic models. Recent developments in ecological and environmental modeling. Non-linearity and abrupt change in environmental systems.
ESC 578Systems Inquiry and Modeling for Sustainable Development (Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma için Sistem Araştırması ve Modellemesi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
System dynamics research method. Problem identification and hypothesis creation in system dynamics. The sustainable development concept. Problems of sustainable development at local, regional and global scales. Applications of system dynamics on problems of sustainable development. Ecological-economic models, models of renewable and non-renewable resource management, common pool resource problems, urban dynamics, waste management, energy issues, agricultural sustainability, ecosystem management and world dynamics. Environmental conflict resolution by group model building.
Prerequisite:
ESC 577 or consent of the instructor.

Graduate Seminar and Special Topics

ESC 579Graduate Seminar (Lisansüstü Seminer)
Credits:
(0+1+0) 0 Pass/Fail
Widening of students' perspectives and awareness of topics of interest to environmental scientists and engineers through seminars offered by faculty, graduating thesis students, and invited speakers from industry, government, business and academia.
ESC 580-589Special Topics in Environmental Technology (Çevre Teknolojisinde Özel Konular)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Selected topics related to environmental technology involving theory, practice and research on current environmental problems.
ESC 590-599Special Topics in Environmental Sciences (Çevre Bilimlerinde Özel Konular)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Selected topics related to environmental sciences involving theory, practice and research on current environmental problems.

Doctoral Courses

ESC 601Ph.D Seminars in ongoing doctoral studies (Doktora Semineri)
Credits:
(0+1+0) 0 Pass/Fail
Presentation of the progress in a doctoral study before it is finalized as a dissertation.
ESC 607Ph.D. Seminar (Doktora Semineri)
Credits:
(1+0+0) 0 ECTS 2
Lectures on selected topics and presentation of research subjects related to Ph.D. thesis work.
ESC 612Advanced Groundwater Modeling (İleri Yeraltısuyu Modellemesi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Deterministic and stochastic anaysis of groundwater flow and contaminant transport. Numerical modeling techniques; parameter estimation, geostatistics, Monte Carlo simulations; contaminant transport. Recent developments in the analysis of groundwater systems.
ESC 613Nutrient Removal in Advanced Wastewater Treatment (İleri Atıksu Arıtımında Besi Maddesi Giderimi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Nitrogen and phosphorus discharges and legislations. Principles of biological nitrogen removal (nitrification and denitrification stoichiometry and kinetics, substrate requirements, alkalinity changes and toxicity). Biological nitrogen removal configurations and design criteria (single-stage carbon oxidation and nitrification, separate-stage nitrification and denitrification, pre- and post denitrification. Removal of organic carbon and nutrients in single-sludge systems). Biological phosphorus removal (mechanisms, design and operation principles). Technologies for nitrogen and combined nitrogen-phosphorus removal. Models for biological nutrient removal. Innovative nitrogen removal (principles and applications of sidestream processes: Sharon, Anammox, bioaugmentation etc.). Nutrient removal using biofilm reactors. Physicochemical removal of nitrogen and phosphorus.
Prerequisite:
ESC 517
ESC 614Advanced Technologies for Refractory Matter Removal in Water and Effluent Systems (Su ve Atıksu Sistemlerinden Asal Madde Gideriminde İleri Teknolojiler)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Chemical processes in advanced water and wastewater treatment; ozonation, electrochemical coagulation/precipitation. Ionizing radiation processes; electron beam, gamma and ultrasonic irradiation. Dark and light-catalyzed advanced oxidation processes; reaction pathways and kinetics, process control by toxicity assessment and modeling of radical scavenger effects; comparison of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems for process efficiency. Introduction to physical processes adsorption and membrane technologies: principles, kinetics and limitations.
ESC 615Environmental Systems Modeling (Çevresel Sistemlerin Modellenmesi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Deterministic, stochastic and predictive models used in environmental analyses. Model construction, calibration and verification. Environmental modeling software and applications.
ESC 616Surface Water Quality Modeling (Yüzey Su Kalitesi Modellemesi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Principles of mathematical model development. Fundamentals of modeling mass balance in completely and incompletely mixed systems. Mathematical analysis of water movement and contaminant transport. Derivation of advection - diffusion equations. Principles of developing models for various water quality environments such as lakes, rivers, and estuaries. Watershed hydrology modeling, and GIS applications. Error and uncertainty in water quality models. Sensitivity analysis. Case examples of commonly-used water quality and watershed models, including model applications.
ESC 623Air Pollution Meteorology (Hava Kirliliği Meteorolojisi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
The basic meteorology of the urban atmosphere and its effects on air pollution. Structure and properties of the atmospheric boundary layer; atmospheric turbulence and diffusion; isolated point, line, area and volume sources; urban climatology and meteorology. Urban air pollution models.
ESC 632 Hazardous Substances and Management Techniques (Tehlikeli Maddeler ve Yönetim Teknikleri)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Sources and properties of hazardous wastes. Treatment and disposal techniques. Source reduction; reuse and exchange. Integrated management. Risk assessment; dose-response relationships and models. Review of hazardous waste legislation.
ESC 634Treatment and Disposal of Wastewater Sludges (Atıksu Çamurlarının Arıtımı ve Uzaklaştırılması)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Sludge characterization. Management of wastewater sludges. Basic operations and processes for sludge treatment such as conditioning, thickening, dewatering, minimization, and stabilization. Mechanical, chemical and biological pretreatment methods. Energy production from sludge, land applications of stabilized sludge, and its uses and/or ultimate disposal. Legislative and regulatory frameworks related to sewage sludge management and reuse.
ESC 635Erosion and its Control (Erozyon ve Kontrolü)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Introduction to physical degradation of soils. Erosion development. Water erosion. Wind erosion. Human impacts on erosion. Erosion control factors; contours, terraces, vegetation. Case studies.
ESC 641Urban and Regional Environmental Planning (Kentsel ve Bölgesel Çevre Planlaması)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Ecology and environmental planning. Methodology of urban and rural land use. Urban planning related to population and internal migration. Industrial development and its effect on urbanization. Case studies on coastal zone management, wetlands, industrial sites.
ESC 651Environmental Toxicology (Çevre Toksikolojisi)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
History and scope of toxicology. Exposure, uptake, detoxification, bioactivation, distribution and elimination of xenobiotics. Molecular aspects of toxicology. Experimental and predictive toxicology. Dose-time-effect relationships. Toxicity testing. Ecotoxicology. Forensic, nutritional, food and clinical toxicology. Acute, chronic and mixture toxicity. Risk analysis.
ESC 653Chemistry of the Atmosphere (Atmosfer Kimyası)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
General characteristics of the atmosphere. Chemical and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. Ions and radicals and free-radical reaction mechanisms in the atmosphere, reactions in the ionosphere, reactions of atmospheric oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide, atmospheric sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, chlorofluorocarbons. Chemistry of the gaseous inorganic and organic air pollutants in the atmosphere.
ESC 681-689Special Projects in Environmental Technology (Çevre Teknolojisinde Özel Konular)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Selected topics related to environmental technology involving theory, practice and research on current environmental problems.
ESC 690M.S. Thesis (Yüksek Lisans Tezi)
Credits:
ECTS 30
ESC 691-699Special Projects in Environmental Sciences (Çevre Bilimlerinde Özel Konular)
Credits:
(3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
Selected topics related to environmental sciences involving theory, practice and research on current environmental problems.
ESC 790Ph.D. Thesis (Doktora Tezi)
Credits:
ECTS 30